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Title: Fingerprinting Australian soils based on their source location
Authors: Crawford, J
Cohen, DD
Antancio, AJ
Manohar, M
Siegele, R
Keywords: Aerosols
Southern Oscillation
Ion beams
Photon transmission scanning
Issue Date: 3-Mar-2021
Publisher: Elsevier B. V.
Citation: Crawford, J., Cohen, D. D., Atanacio, A., Manohar, M., & Siegele, R. (2021). Fingerprinting Australian soils based on their source location. Atmospheric Pollution Research, 12(3), 173-183. doi:10.1016/j.apr.2021.01.007
Abstract: Sampling of PM2.5 has been undertaken twice per week at the Liverpool and Mascot sites (in Sydney, Australia) since 1998. Ion Beam Analysis (IBA) was applied to each sample to determine the concentrations of 21 elements from hydrogen to lead and the black carbon concentration was determined using photon transmission techniques. Sampling days that displayed high and low airborne soil concentrations were identified and three distinct sets of soil fingerprints were determined using Positive Matrix Factorisation (PMF) source apportionment techniques. A fingerprint for all sampling days (representing the average soil fingerprint for each site), a fingerprint corresponding to low soil days associated with local retrained road dust and a fingerprint for high soil days associated with agricultural activities. The ratios of key soil elements (i.e. Si, Al, Fe) displayed larger temporal variation for the high soil days, whereas lower variation was observed for low (local) soil days. Furthermore, it was found that the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) affected the concentration of windblown soil dust in the atmosphere. The average soil fingerprint, for all data, was heavily influenced by sampling days containing higher concentrations of soil dust, thus representing the dominant soil type. However, we did observe differences in the K/Fe and Ca/Si ratios to be a distinguishing factor between the average soil fingerprint and the high soil day fingerprint. The Soil fingerprint for the low soil concentration days had a large fraction of black carbon associated with vehicle emissions, represented retrained road dust. © 2021 Turkish National Committee for Air Pollution Research and Control. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V.
ISSN: 1309-1042
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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