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Title: Assessment of interaction between alluvial, volcanic and GAB aquifers using 3D visualisation and environmental tracers, Lockyer Valley, southeast Queensland, Australia
Authors: Raiber, M
Cox, ME
Cendón, DI
Hartland, A
Keywords: Alluvial deposits
Volcanic rocks
Tracer techniques
Ground water
Groundwater recharge
Issue Date: 5-Aug-2012
Publisher: Australian Geosciences Council
Citation: Raiber, M., Cox, M. E., Cendón, D. I., & Hartland, A. (2012). Assessment of interaction between alluvial, volcanic and GAB bedrock aquifers using 3D visualisation and environmental tracers, Lockyer Valley, southeast Queensland, Australia. Paper presented to the 34th International Geological Congress 2012, "Unearthing our Past and Future - Resourcing Tomorrow", Brisbane, Australia, 5-10 August 2012, (pp. 4029).
Abstract: A detailed 3D lithological model framework was developed using GOCAD software to understand interactions between alluvial, volcanic and GAB aquifers and the spatial and temporal distribution of groundwater recharge to the alluvium of the Lockyer Valley. Groundwater chemistry, isotope data (H20-δ2H and δ18O , 87Sr/86Sr, 3H and 14C) and groundwater level time-series data from approximately 550 observation wells were integrated into the catchment-wide 3D model to assess the recharge processes involved. This approach enabled the identification of zones where recharge to the alluvium primarily occurs from stream water during episodic flood events. Importantly, the study also demonstrates that in some sections of the alluvium recharge is also from storm rainfall and seepage discharge from the underlying GAB aquifers. These other sources of recharge are indicated by (a) the absence of a response of groundwater levels to flooding in some areas, (b) old radiocarbon ages, and (c) distinct bedrock water chemistry and δ2H and δ18O signatures in alluvial groundwater at these locations. Integration of isotopes, water chemistry and time-series displays of groundwater levels before and after the 2010/2011 flood into the 3D model suggest that the spatial variations in the alluvial groundwater response are mostly controlled by valley morphology and lithological (i.e. permeability) variations within the alluvium. Examination of the groundwater level variations in the 3D model also enabled quantification of the volumetric change of groundwater stored in the unconfined alluvial aquifer prior to and post-flood events.
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