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Title: Crystal chemistry and structures of uranium-doped gadolinium zirconates
Authors: Gregg, DJ
Zhang, YJ
Zhang, ZM
Karatchevtseva, I
Blackford, MG
Triani, G
Lumpkin, GR
Keywords: Electron microscopy
X-ray diffraction
Raman spectroscopy
Radioactive wastes
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2013
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Gregg, D. J., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Z., Karatchevtseva, I., Blackford, M. G., Triani, G., Lumpkin, G. R., & Vance, E. R. (2013). Crystal chemistry and structures of uranium-doped gadolinium zirconates. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 438(1-3), 144-153. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.03.007
Abstract: A series of uranium-containing gadolinium zirconate samples have been fabricated at 1450 °C in oxidizing, inert and reducing atmospheres. X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy have been utilized to confirm adoption of pyrochlore or defect fluorite structures. X-ray diffraction allowed determination of the bulk averaged structure while Raman spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy were used to determine ordering at the microdomain scale. Diffuse reflectance, X-ray absorption near edge structure and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies indicated a predominantly U6+ oxidation state for all the air-sintered samples, even when Ca2+ or A-site vacancies were incorporated to charge balance for U4+, a mixed U5+/U6+ oxidation state was found for samples sintered in argon, while a mixed U4+/U5+ oxidation state occurred for sintering under N2–3.5%H2. This demonstrates a degree of uranium oxidation state control through sintering conditions, and the potential of using gadolinium zirconates as host materials for uranium in nuclear waste applications.© 2013, Elsevier B.V.
Gov't Doc #: 6109
ISSN: 0022-3115
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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