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Title: Indo-Pacific hydroclimate over the past millennium and links with global climate variability
Authors: Griffiths, ML
Drysdale, RN
Kimbrough, AK
Hua, Q
Johnson, KR
Gagan, MK
Cole, JE
Cook, BI
Zhao, JX
Hellstrom, JC
Hantoro, WS
Keywords: Southern Oscillation
Pacific Ocean
Tropical regions
Mathematical models
Climatic change
Ambient temperature
Climate models
Radiative forcing
Oxygen isotopes
Atmospheric precipitations
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2016
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Citation: Griffiths, M. L., Drysdale, R., Kimbrough, A. K., Hua, Q., Johnson, K. R., Gagan, M. K., Cole, J. E., Cook, B. I., Zhao, J. X., Hellstrom, J. C., & Hantoro, W. S. (2016). Indo-Pacific hydroclimate over the past millennium and links with global climate variabilty Paper presented at the AGU Fall Meeting, San Fransisco, 12-16 December 2016.
Abstract: The El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO) are the dominant modes of hydroclimate variability in the tropical Pacific and have far-reaching impacts on Earth’s climate. Experiments combining instrumental records with climate-model simulations have highlighted the dominant role of the Pacific Walker circulation in shaping recent trends in global temperatures (Kosaka and Xie, 2013, 2016). However, the paucity of high-resolution terrestrial paleoclimate records of deep atmospheric convection over the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool (IPWP) precludes a comprehensive assessment as to role of the tropical Pacific in modulating radiative-forced shifts in global temperature on multidecadal to centennial timescales. Here we present a suite of new high-resolution oxygen-isotope records from Indo-Pacific speleothems, which, based on modern rainfall and cave drip-water monitoring studies, along with trace element (Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca) analyses, are interpreted to reflect changes in Australasian monsoon variability during the Common Era (C.E.). Our results reveal a protracted decline in southern Indonesian monsoon rainfall between ~1000-1400 C.E. but stronger between ~1500-1900 C.E. These centennial-scale patterns over southern Indonesia are consistent with other proxy records from the region but anti-phased with records from India and China, supporting the paradigm that Northern Hemisphere cooling increased the interhemispheric thermal gradient, displacing the Australasian ITCZ southward. However, our findings are also compatible with a recent synthesis of paleohydrologic records for the Australasian monsoon region, which, collectively, suggest that rather than moving southward during the LIA, the latitudinal range of monsoon-ITCZ migration probably contracted equatorward (Yan et al., 2015). This proposed LIA ITCZ contraction likely occurred in parallel with a strengthening of the Walker circulation (as indicated through comparison with our hydroclimate records from the central-eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean and western Indian Ocean, and eastern Australia), and thus, the tropical Pacific may have played a critical role in amplifying the radiative-forced global cooling already underway. © 2016. American Geophysical Union
Gov't Doc #: 7734
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