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Title: Triclinic apatites
Authors: Baikie, T
Mercier, PHJ
Elcombe, MM
Kim, JY
Le Page, Y
Mitchell, LD
White, TJ
Whitfield, PS
Keywords: Molecular dynamics method
Triclinic lattices
Monoclinic lattices
Issue Date: Apr-2007
Publisher: International Union of Crystallography
Citation: Baikie, T., Mercier, P. H. J., Elcombe, M. M., Kim, J. Y., Le Page, Y., Mitchell, L. D., White, T. J., Whitefield, P. S. (2007). Triclinic apatites. Acta Crystallographica Section B-Structural Science, 63, 251-256. doi:10.1107/S0108768106053316
Abstract: Apatites commonly adopt P63/m hexagonal symmetry. More rarely, monoclinic chemical analogues have been recognized, including the biologically significant hydroxyapatite, Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2, but the driving force towards lower symmetry has not been systematically examined. A combination of diffraction observations and ab initio calculations for Ca10(AsO4)6F2 and Ca10(VO4)6F2 show these materials are triclinic apatites in which the AsO4 and VO4 tetrahedra tilt to relieve stress at the metal and metalloid sites to yield reasonable bond-valence sums. An analysis of the triclinic non-stoichiometric apatites La10 − x(GeO4)6O3 − 1.5x and Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 − xOx/2 confirms this scheme of tetrahedral rotations, while Cd10(PO4)6F2 and Ca10(CrO4)6F2 are predicted to be isostructural. These distortions are in contrast to the better known P1121/b monoclinic dimorphs of chloroapatite and hydroxyapatite, where the impetus for symmetry reduction is ordered anion (OH− and Cl−) displacements which are necessary to obtain acceptable bond lengths. These results are important for designing apatites with specific structural and crystal-chemical characteristics. © 2007, International Union of Crystallography
Gov't Doc #: 1119
ISSN: 0108-7681
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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